Monday, April 27, 2020

SLOKAS - Subhashitam-DrTPS - Rare SLOKAS

Hindu - RITUALDS SLokas - Important Verses - Subhashitham - DrTPS

https://my.yoga-vidya.org/m/blogpost?id=2740171%3ABlogPost%3A315963

HINDU - Rituals

HINDU - who / Rituals and Customs - Brief capsule used for talk
drtpsasikumar@gmail.com
www.drtps-shiksha.in
9447437948 / kerala / india
01. **HUMAN-KNOWLEDGE
Aahaara nidra bhaya maithunaani samaani chaithaani nrunaam pasoonaam
Jnaanam naranaamadhiko visesho jnaanebhi heena pasubhi samana
01. **HUMAN (DHEESHANA-SAALI) (YUKTHI) (VISESHA BHUDDHI)
Sru-shtvaa puraaNi vividhaani deva:
Ajaya-maya-sakthya
Vrukshaam sariisrutha mrugaam satha damsya-mathsyaan
Thaihi thaihi athushta hrudayaan
purushaaNi-mupa-maada-devaa
brahmaava-loka dhiishaNam purusham
01. **KNOWLEDGE
[BG] vidhya vinaya sampanne
Brahmane gavi hasthini
Suni chaiva swapaake cha
Panditha sama darsanaha
01. **STUDY
Sukharthi vidanam vidya
Vidyarthi vidanam sukham
Sukhe-chu-vinengu vidya
Vidyarthikkenguvan sukham
01. ****HUMAN
[NARAYANOPANISHAD]
aNoraNiiyan mahatho-maheeyan
aathma guhaayan nihithosya janthoha
01. *USE LOGIC
Yukthiyukthamupaadeyam vachanam baalakaadapi
Anyathranamavathyaajyamapyuktham brahmakaadapi
01. **LEARNING / TEACHING
*ONE-FORTH
Aacharyath paadamaadathe
Paadam sishya swamedhaya
Paadam brahma charibhya
Paadam kaala kramena cha
01. *LEARN SELECTIVE
Anantha saasthram bhahu vedithavyam
Alpascha kalo bhahuvascha vigna
Yal saarabhootham yadupaasidavyam
Hamso yadha ksheera-mivampu misram
02. **INDIA / BHARATH
Himalayam samaaraabhya yavath hindu sarovaram
Tham deva nirmitham desam hindusthanam prachakshathe
02. . **WOMEN
Pithaa rakshathi kaumaare
Bhartha rakshathi yavane
Puthro rakshathi vaardhakye
Na-sthri-swa-thanthra-marhasi
02. **DHARMA : athma / pithru / puthro / puthri / mathru / brathru / raja / purohitha / vyakthi / kala / samooha / raashtra
02. **DHARMA = duty / responsibility / Privilages / Customs / Rituals
Way of Life
Sanathana = chira purathana + nithya noothana
02. **YAKSHA-PRASNAM
Nithyavum jeeva jalangal kaalanoorkku kadakkave
Seshippor sthiramennorkku enthaascharyamithil param
അഹംന്നി  അഹംന്നി ഭൂതാനി 
ahanni ahanni bhoothani
ഗച്ഛന്തി ഇവ യമാലയെ
gaschanthi iva YAMAlaye
തേഷാം  സ്ഥാപരം  ഇശ്ചന്തി
thesham sthaparam ischanthi
കിമാശ്ചര്യം ഇദ പരം
imascharyam idha param ?
03. **PANJAMAHAYAJNAM
Adhyapanam brahma yajnaha (Veda / knowledge by teaching)
Pithru-yajnasthu tharpanam (Ansisters by Tharpanam)
Homo-daivo-balir-bhuutho (Yaga / Yajna for God + Bali for Bhootham/otherliving beings)
Nru-yajno athithi poojanam (People by treating them as guests)
04. **AGNIHOTHRAM
Agnaye swaha agnaye idam namama
Prajapathaye swaaha prajaapathaye idam namama
(non-veg-cow)
04. **ISHTA KARMA
agnihothram thapa sathyam vedaanaam chaanupaalanam
aadithyam vaisyadhevam cha ishta ithyabhitheeyathe
04. **POORTHA KARMA
vaapee koopa thadakaani dhevathanayathanani cha
anna pradhanamudyannam poortha ithyabhitheeyathe
04. **ISHTA POORTHAM
ishtathelabhathe swargam poorthe mokshamavapuyeth
04. **ENVIRONMENTAL / TREE
dasa koopam eka vaapi dasa vaapi eka nadi
dasa nadi eka vruksha dasa vruksha eka puthra
04. **EARTH
*MOTHER / LAKSHMI / BHUVANESWARI
samudravasane devi parvatasthana mandale
vishnupatni namastubhym padasparsam kshamasva me
04. **SUN
…nama prathyaksha devaaya bhaskaraaya namo nama….
04. **TREE
Aswaththamekam pichumantha mekam
Nagrothamekam Dasathinthrineescha
kapithwa-bilwaa malaka-thrayascha
Panjaamra naali narakam nayathi
05. **MANAGEMENT
*ALL ARE USEFUL
Amanthramaksharam naasthi Naasthi moolamanaushadam
Ayogya purusho naasthi Yojagaha thathra durlabhaha
05. **ATOM / UNIVERSE
Viswaakaaram gagana sadrusam mekhavarnam subhaangam
05. **WORLD
*CONCEPT
akhanda mandalaakaaram vyaaptham yena chara charam
chidroopena parivyaaptham
thrailokyam sa chara charam
05. **MILKY-WAY (GALAXY)
PRAPANCHA PURUSHA SANKALPAM
05. **PANJA BHOOTHA
Solid / fluid / atomic / ionic / energy
05. **GEOMETRY
Yajna / yaga Triangular concept in Yanthra
Pooja diagrams Mural paintings
Colors usage Energy cncept
05. **TIME
BC32280719 31671122 31020218
Krishna B mahabharatha Krishna D
(kaarthika Sankramam)
(Bheeshma Waited till Mandalam)
(Krishna 61.5 years old)
06. Hari Om
Thvameva Maatha cha Pitha Thvameva,
Thvameva Bhandhuscha sakhina Thvameva.
Thvameva Vidhya, Dhravinam Thvameva,
Thvameva Sarvam mama Deva Deva
06. **MOTHER
*GHANDAARI
(blind father / kid may go wrong)
(not janma / education / but sathsang matters)
Jaanaami dharmam nachame pravarthi
Jaanaamyadharmam nachame nivruthi
Kenaapi kaamena hrudhisthithena
Yadha niyukthosi thatha karomi
06. **DUTY / KARMA
[BG] dharma-kshethre kuru-kshethre
(kuru kshethra is the dharma kshethra)
Kshethre Kshethre kuru dharmama
(Your domain- do job – is your dharma)
[BG] ananyaschinthayentho mam
Ye jana paryupaasathe
Theshaam nithyabhi yukthaanaam
Yoga kshemam vahaamyaham
(LIC – Learn / Earn / Fame = Happy)
06. **WEALTH
Aarthaanaamaarjathe dhukham
Aarjithaanamthu lakshane
Aaye dhukkham vyaye dhukkham
Artham sarvathra dhukhatham
06. **ACTIVE
Nimisham jwalitham sreyam nathu dhoomayithum chiram
06. **ACTIVE
Udhyamam saahasam dhairyam bhuddhi sakthi parakramam
Shadethe yathra varthanthe daivam thathra prakaasayeth
06. **AASRAMAS / STAGES IN LIFE
1. brahmacharya (Knowledge & Charactor)
2. garhasthya (Worldly persuit – marriage / family / career)
3. vaana prastha (spiritual – space – NOT FOREST)
4. sanyasa (life of contemplation / austirity / blissness TEACHING)
06. **PARENTING
Raajavath panja-varshani
Dasa varshani daasavath
Prapthe shodasa-varshethu
Puthram mithra-vadaachareth
06. **PURUSHARTHAS
Kama Artha Dharma Moksha
06. **KARMAM
Sathyam lankhichu sathyathipathi,
oru sirasappozhe nashtamayi than
kruthyam paalicha mruthunjayanathumuthale
brahma hanthaavumayi
prathyaksham thante kruthyappizha muramadhanan
maarile peridunnu nithyam
lokaathipathyam vidhi hari haranmaarkalla
karmathinathre
07. **ANTHYESHTI
07. **ANNAPRAASANAM
sam no – bhava- dwipathe
sam chathushpade
07. **ANTHESHTI / LAST RITES (ishti = yaga / yajna)
Vaayuranila-mamrutha-mathetham bhasmaantham-sareeram
Aum kritho-smara-krutham-smaraami
Aum kritho-smara-krutham-smaraami
Aum kritho-smara-krutham-smaraami
Agne – naya – soopadha
07. **PITHRU THARPANAM
Aadi pithruNaam aavaahayaami, sthaapayaami, poojayaami
Etc…….
Maathruvamse mruthaayeescha
Pithruvamse thathaivacha
Guruswasura bhandoonaam
Ye cha nye bhaandavaamruthaa
Thilodakam cha pindam cha
pithruNam parithushtaye
samarpayaami bhakthyaa
praarthayaami praseetha me
namo-naaraayanaaya / siva siva …..
tharpayami---tharpayami---
last jalam –
avasaaniiyaakhyamidam
last
idam pindam gayarpitho asthu
07. **MARRIAGE / VIVAAHAM (NOT kalyaNam ) – KERALA different
Mehanthi / misiri (Sugar) / Music / Drum / Dance /
Graha-Pooja + Poojari Asirvaadam
Salt Exchange (Datar)
07. **SHODASA SAMSKAARAM (16) [grahya soothram]
1. garbhadharana CONCEPTION – Prayer for a good child – SPECIFIC TIME
2. pum-sa-vana (3rd / 4th month of pragnancy)
3. seemantham – 7th month for the healthy mind and body of the child
4. jaatha karma (soon after birth)
5. manthram
6. namakaranam
7. nish-karmaNa (4th month - showing the world arouund)
8. anna-prasanam (7th/8th month
9. choodakaraNa – ornaments
10. vidyarambham
11. upanayanam
12. vedaarambham
13. marriage / vivaaham
14. garbhadharaNam
15. gruharambham
16. Antheshti ishti=yaga/yajna)
09. **GODHOOD (DEMOCRATIC)
09. **GOD SINGLE
Indram-mithram-varunam-agnim-aahur
Athho divyaha sa-sampoorne gurunmaan
Ekam sath vipraa bahudhaavadanthi
Agnim yamam maathariswaana-maahu
09. **GOD
*SINGEL GOD
Ekam sath (eko devaha) – bhahu bhavadanthi
Neha na naasthi kinjanaha
Ekam eva – na dvitheeyathe
Daiva pridvi janaayaan deva eka:
eka eva hi bhoothaathmaa bhoothe bhoothe
vyavasthitha ekathaa bahuthaa chaiva
drusyathe jala chandravath
[BG] – aakaasaath pathitham thoyam
Yadhta gaschathi saagaram
Sarva deva namaskaaram
Kesavam prathi gaschathi
09. **DEVOTION
[BG] chathur vidha bhajanthe mam
Jano sukruthino~rjuna
Aartho jignaasu-rarthaarthi
Jnaaneecha bharatharshabha
09. **SANKALPAM
Aham kaasyam gamishyami
Thathraiva divasaamyaham
Ithi druvaana sathatham
Kaasiivaasa-phalam labheth
09. **GOD / SHAD DEVA SANKALPAS
1. VISHNU 4. SOORYA
2. SIVA 5. GANAPATHYA
3. BRAHMA 6. SAKTHI
09. **BELL
Aagamaartham thu devaanaam
Gamanaarthanthu raakshasaam
Kurve ganTaaravam thathra
Devathaahwaana lakshaNam
09. **GAYATHRI
Saraswathi (Brahma) /lakshmi (Vishnu) /gauri (Siva).
Karagre.....
09. **TRAIVIDYA (Knowledge)
Speach / mind / Breath
09. **SOUNDARYA LAHARI
Siva sakthya yuktho yathi-bhavathi saktha prabhavithum
Nache devam devo nakhalu kusala spanthithumapi
Athasthva-maaraabhyam hari-hara-virinjaa-dibhirapi
praNathum sthothum va kathama-krutha-punya: prabhavathi
09. **BRAHMAN (Chith // Chaithanyam / Jeevan / Athma)
Intrensic / inherent / self-motitating / self-guiding / self-aware / self-conciousness
09. **TRI-CONCEPT
ADI-DAIVIKAM – Unseen devine force / Ex:- Earth-quake / flood / valconic etc.
ADI-BHAUTHIKAM - Accident / Human Contacts / Ex:- Pollution / Crime etc.
ADHYATHMIKAM – Self
09. **MANTHRA
Ekachame, thrissaschame, panjachame…..
OR
Ekamcha, dasamcha…..
09. **MANTHRA
Yojanaanaam sahasre dwe dwe sathe dwe cha yojane
Ekena nimishardhena kramamana namosthuthe
09. **SANKALPA
[UG] agnirdevo dwijaatheenam
Muneenaam hrudi daivatham
Vigraham swalpa bhudheenaam
Sarvathra vidhithathmanaam
09. **DASA(MAHA)VIDYA (SRIVIDYA)
1. kaali (time / vaayu – heart)
2. thara (sound / aum / naval)
3. thripura sundari (1. physical (matter)/ 2. astral (energy)/3. casual (thought) / crown / lalitha / moon)
4. bhuvaneswari space / maya / love / void
5. bhairavi – speach / thapas / rudra / root
6. chinna mastha ego / mind and beyond / distruction / ajna
7. dhoomavathi smoke suffering – heart
8. bagalamukhi – silance / yoga / soft-plate-chakra – nasika
9. mathanki / saraswathi – word / guru / throught
10. kamalathmika – lakshmi / wwealth / beauty / love / devotion / spiritual . material wealth
09. **CHIRANJEEVI
Aswathaama bali vyasa hanuman chaiva
Vibheeshana krupa parasuraamascha
Saptha ithe chiranjeevinaha
Aswathama (HARIYANA)
Bali & Parasuraama (KERALA)
Vyasan (UP)
Hanuman (ANTHAMAN)
Vibheeshanan (SRILANKA)
Krupa (IRAN)
09. **SANKU JALAM
ima aapa siva subha
sudhaascha nirmala paavanaa seethalaaschaiva
poothaa sooryasya rasmihbihi
09. **SUCCESS IS IN YOUR HANDS
karaagrey vasathey laxmi, karamadhey saraswathi !
karamooley sthitha gouri, prabhathey Kara darshanam !!
09. Omkaaram
Shri Omkaaraaya Vandanam
Omkaaram Bindu samyuktham!
Nityam Dhyaayanti Yoginah
Kaamadan Mokshadam Chaiva
Omkaaraaya Namo Namaha!!
09. Maha Mrityunjayam
Om Triyambakam yajaamahe
Sugandhim Pushtivardhanam
Urvaarukamiva Bandhanaam
Mrithyor muksheeya Maamrithath.
09. **GANESH
*CHATHURTHI
*VISARJAN
Lokmanya Tilak as a rallying point during freedom movement from the British Raj.
*PANCHA GANAPATHI
(in US Dec 25th – 31st holiday celebrations)
09.. **MAANASA POOJA
AUM yam ambaa-thmana jalam kalpayami
AUM lam prwidwaa-thmana gandham kalpayami
AUM ham aakaasaa-thmana pushpam kalpayami
AUM yam vayoth-thmana dhoopam kalpayami
AUM lam amruthaa-thmana nivedhyam kalpayami
AUM dwam amrutheebhavaha
09. **GOD
*UNDEFINED
Roopam roopa vivarjithasya bhavatho
Dhyayenayath kalpitham
Sthuthya nirvachaneeyathaakhilaguro
Dooreekruthaayanmayaa
Vyaapthithwam cha niraakrutham bhagavatho
Yath theertha yathraa dinaa
Kshanthavyam jagadeesa thadvikalithaam
Doshathrayam math krutham
11. **MAHA VAAKYAM (BRAHMA_JNAANI) / VEDANTHA / ESSENCE OF VEDA
Iisaavaasyamidam sarvam ( Devine Power is Present Everywhere)
Sarvam khalu- idam brahmam (
Aham brahmaasmi (I am part of devine)
Ayamaathmaa brahma (This atman is Brahma)
Prajnaanam brahma (Glorious Knowledge is Brahma)
Thathwam-asi (You are also that Power)
11. **VEDA
Rig – 25
Yajur – 108
Sama – 1000
Adharvam – 50
Brahmanangal – 16
Aaranyakangal – 4
Upanishads – 106
Vedangangal – 6 (Siksha – VEDIC CHANTING / Niruktham – FORMATION OF WORDS / Vyakaranam / Chandas PROSODY = RULES IN WRITING / Kalpam CUSTOMS & RITUALS / Jyothisham MATHS + ASTRONOMY + ASTROLOGY)
Upavedam – 5 (Ayur - SCIENCE OF LIFE - adharva / Sthapathya – AGAMA + VASTHU - adharva / Artha Sasthra – ECONOMICS - Rig / Gandharva – MUSIC & DANCE – sama / Dhanur - ARCHERY - yajur)
Mahapuraanam – 18
Upapuraanam – 18
Darsanam – 6
Smruthi 18
Ithihasam – 2 (Ramayanam / Mahabharatham)
11. **VEDA
*DHARMA
*SATHYA
1. Yajnam (Prakruthi / Purity)
2. Dhaanam (thyaagam valarthuka)
3. Thapass (self-discipline) [akathulkollan]
4. Karmam (Right Action = self-purity)
5. Swadhyayam (self-study = liberation)
11. **VEDA
*YAJUR (KRISHNA)
aum sahana vavathu sahanau bhunakthu
sahaveeryam karavaa vahai
thejaswinaa vadheetha masthu
maa vidwishaa vahai
aum saanthi saanthi saanthi
11. **PRAMAANAM
Saasthram pramaanam
Aaptha-vaakyam pramaanam
Prathyaksham pramaanam
Anumaanam pramaanam
11. **SCIENCE
Gita – Physics Text Theory
Srimad bhagavada – meta-physics / culture / technology)
12. **HAPPINESS / SAD [SU&DHU-(KHAM)]
Katwamla-lavanathushna
Theeshna-rooksha vidaahina
Aahaara raajasa-sreshta
Dhukha-soka-maya-pradaha
12. **FOOD-EAT
Ardha-poorathayethannam – thathardham vaariNam thathha
12. **FOOD-HOW MANY TIMES
Eeka bhuktham maha yogi
Dwibhuktham maha bhogi
Thri bhuktham maha rogi
Chathur bhuktham maha drohi
[hira-rathan-manek / rappayi]
12. **GOOD WORDS
Priya vaakya pradaanena
Sarve thushyanthu janthavaha
Thasmaath thadeka vakthavyam
Vachaneka daridratha
Vacha swargaha – vachaika narakaha
12.. UNDAYITTU VENDATHAVAR
[Vishnu narayanan Namboothiri]
Have & Have Not + Had But Left
12. **HINDU COMPANY
Sathya-matha jnaana-pitha dharma-braatha
Daya-guru saanthi-mithram kshama-brathru
Shadethe mama bhanthavaha
12. **DEVOTION – HALF BUDDHI
Agnir devo dwijaaneenam
Muneenaam hrudi daivatham
Prathima swalpa bhudheenaam
Sarvathra vidhithaathmanaam
12. **COMMUNICATION
Keyooraani-na-bhooshayanthi purusham
Haaraana chanthrojwala
Na snaanam na vilepanam na kusumam
Naa-lam-kruthaa moordhaja
vaNyekaa smalamkarothi purusham
ya samskruthaa dharyathe
kshiiyanthe khalu-bhooshaNaathi sathatham
vaak bhuushaNam bhuushaNam
12. **PUSHPAM
Ahimsaa pradhamam pushpam
Pushpam indriya nigraham
Sarva bhootha daya pushpam
Kshamaa pushpam viseshatha
Saanthi pushpam thapo pushpam
Snaanam pushpam thathaiva cha
Sathyam ashtavitham pushpam
Vishno preethikaram bhaveth
12. Sarve Vandanam - Invocation
Sarveshaam Swastir Bhavathu
Sarveshaam Shaantir Bhavathu
Sarveshaam Poornam Bhavathu
Sarveshaam Mangalam Bhavathu
12. Sarve Bhavanthu
Sarve Bhavanthu sukhinah
Sarve santhu niramayah
Sarve Bhadrani Pashyanthu
Maa Kashchith Dhukha abhay Bhaveth
12. MAKE OTHERS’ HAPPY
**ESWARA POOJA
Yena kena prakaarena
yasya kasyapi dehinaha
Santhosham janayeth praajnaha
Thadaivam eeswara poojanam
12. Om saha Naavavathu
Om Saha Naavarathu Saha Nau Bhunoktu
Saha Veeryam Karavaavahai
Tejaswi Navadhaetamatsu
Maa Vidvishaavahai
Om Shaanthi Shaanthi Shaanthi.
May the Lord protect us together. May he nourish us together. May our learning be luminous and purposeful. May we never hate one another. May there be peace, peace and perfect peace.
13. **VARNAM / NOT CASTE / JAATHI
Braahmana kshathriya vaisyam
soodraaNaam cha paranthapa
karmaaNi pravi-bhakthaani
swabhaava prabhavair gunai
13. **VARNAM
Vedaanthago braahmanaha
Syaath kshathriyo vijayee bhaveth
Vaisyo dhana samrudhaha
Soodra sukhamaapnuyath
13. CONVERTED
VYASAN (mukkuvan – fisherman / SOODRA  brahmanan)
VISWAMITHRAN (Kshathriyan  brahmanan)
SRI RAMAN (Kshathriyan  Eeswaran)
SRI KRISHNAN (Yadavan (OBC)  Eeswaran)
Haidareyan (Chandalan  Brahmanan)
Dronar (Brahmanan  kshathriyan)
Aswathama (Brahmanan  kshathriyan)
13. **VRUTHAM / UPAVAASAM /
13. **FOOD
*EATING
brahmarpanam brahma havir brahmagnau brahmana hutam
brahmaiva tena gantavyam brahma karma samadhina
13. **RAHU KAALAM
13. **GOD –ONE-THRID
Saatwic mind
Raajasic indriya
Thamasic mahabhootha (thanmaathra)
13. **OIL BATH
13. **HEALTH
Naorhithaahaara vihaara sevi
Sameekshyakaarii vishayeshwa saktha
Dathaa: sama : sathya parakshamaavaan
Aapthopasevii cha bhavathya roga
13. **AYURVEDA/DISEASE
Janmaanthara krutham paapam
vyaadhiroopeNa jaayathe
aayurasmin (ayusho) vidyathe anena
ithi ayurveda :
13. **PATHYAM
Vinaapi bheshajair vyadhi Pathyaa deva-nivarthathe
Na thu padhya vihiinasya Bheshajaanaam sanairapi
13. **DOCTOR
Vaidhyaraaja namasthubhiyam
Yama raaja sahodara
Yamasthu harathi praaNan
Vaidhya praaNan dhanaani cha
13. *HEALTH
Mitham bhukthwa–satham japthwa
Gatwa pada-satham sanai:
Vaama bhaage sayanasya Bhishagim kim prayojanam
13. **EATING
Eka bhuktham maha yogi Dwibhuktham maha bhogi
Thri bhuktham maha rogi Chathur bhuktham maha drohi
14. **NAMA (STHE) (SKAARAM)
Nama : = NOT MINE / NOT ME
14. **NEED GURU
14... **VIDYARAMBHAM
First ever literary campaign (all are suposed to write / KERALA – traditionaly literate)
Karnataka – Ayudha pooja North – Lakshmi pooja
14. **LIMITATION
Saagarathe cheru kaakkayal koruvaan arivan viddiyam paithal
14. **ACHRYA
achinothi cha saasthraarthaan (Knowing scientifically)
sishyan swadhayathe sudhi (who can teach systematically)
swayam acharathy chaiva (who follows self)
sa acharya ithi smrutha (he is fit to be called as an acharya)
14. **EXPERIENCE
Saakshath anubhavayi drushto
na srutho na guru darsithaha
lokaanaam upakaaraya
ethath sarvam pradarsitham
14. **PRACTICE (NOT THEN – CAN’T CURE BY VEDA)
Aachhara heenam na punanthu veda
14. **DHAKSHINA
Vettila / adakka / roopa
14. **SATH_SANG
14. **KNOWLEDGE
ajaana thimirandasya jnaananjana salakaya
chakshoorunmeelitham ena thasmai sree gurave namaha
14. **TEACHING
annadhaanam param dhaanam, vidyadhaanamathath param
annena kshanikaa thrupti yavath jeevancha vidyaya
14. **ACHARYA
[BG] yadhyathacharathi sreshta:
Thathadevetharo jana:
Sayath pramaanam kuruthe
Lokasthathanuvarthathe
14. **ACHARYA
sudrakoti sahasraanaam, ekam viprathu bhojayel
viprakoti sahasraanaam, ekam Vishnu prathishtitham
vishnu koti sahasraanaam ekaarudra prathishtitham
rudrakoti sahasraanaam ekojnaanihi bhojyathaam
14. **ACHARYAS
Varahamihiran Charakan
Pathanjali Bhaudhyayanan
Saayanan Kautilian
Aryabhatan Sreedharan
Lallacharyan Susruthan
Bhaskaran Nagarjunan
Mayan Maadhavan
Mahaaveeran Sankaran
Vateswaran Kanaadan
Katapayathi Neelakantan
14.. **KNOWLEDGE
*TO PROVIDE HAPPINESS
Aanaantho brahmethi vyajaanaath
Aanaanthaadhyeva khalvimaani bhoothaani jaayanthe
Aanaanthena jaathaani jeevanthi
aanaantham prayanthyabhisamvisantheethi
vethantha vignaana sunischithaaarthaa
sanyasa….
14. **KNOWLEDGE
*WEPEON TOO
Agradaschaduro vedaa Prushtaja sasaram dhanu
Idam brahmam idam kshaathram Saapaadapi saraadapi
14. **YOGA
Schitha vruthi nirodhaha (Pathanjali yoga soothram)
14. **PRANAYAMA
Praanaayamena yukthena sarva roga kshayo bhaveth
Ayukthaabhyaasa yogena sarva roga samud bhavaha
14. **KNOWLEDGE Vs. BHAKTHI
Bhaja govindham bhaja govindham govindham bhaja moodamathe
Sampraapthe sannihihte kaale nahi nahi rakshathi dugrinj karaNe
14. **ARCHANA
Archakasya prabhavena sila bhavathi sankara
Archakasya aprabhavena sivo bhavathi silaha
14. **NAMASKAARAM
14. **GURU
gururbrahma gururvishnu gururdevo mahesvara
guru sakshat param brahma tasmai sri gurave namah
14. **SAASHTAANGA PRANAAMAM / NAMASKAARAM
Urasa-sirasa-vaacha manasa~njalinaa drusaa
Janubhyam chaiva padaabhyaam praaNaamo~ashtaamga iirithaaha
14. **PRANA - MANA
Manaspanthanam praana praanasya spanthanam mana
Ethau vihaarathau nithya manyoniyam radha saarathi
14. **SHAD-VIKARAM
Kaama Krodha Lobha
Moha Mada Maathsariyam
14. **MIND – UPLIFT
[BG.6.5] uddharethaathmanaathmaanam
Naathmaanamava-saadhayeth
Aathmaivahyaathmano bhandu
Raathmaiva ripu raathmanaha
14. **MAHA MANTHRAM
Hare-rama-hare-rama-rama-rama-hare-hare-
Hare-krishna-hare-krishna-hare-hare
14. **ASHTANGA YOGA
Yama (non-violance / truth / non-attachment/ chasity)
Niyama (purity / contentment / austeristies / surrender to god)
Aasana (meditation seating / all posters) pathanjali
Pranayama (ayama = extent)
Prathyahara (abstraction = withdraw 5 senses)
Dharana (concentration (single object)
Dhyana (meditation
Samadhi (liberation / conciousness merging with god / reaching god)
14. **BREATH
Gaschan thishtan sadaakaalam
Vaayu sweekaranam param
Sarva kaala prayogena
Sahasraayur bhaver-nara
14. **YOGA-DIFFICULTIES
puraaNam bharatham veda:
saasthraaNi vividhaani cha
puthra dharaathi samsaaro
yogaabhyaasasya vigna krul
14. **STHITHAPRAJNAN
[BG]Q sthithaprajnasyaka bhaashaa samaadhisthasya kesava!
ANS : dhukheshwanudwigna mana
Sukheshu vigatha spruha
Veetha raga bhaya krodha
Sthithatheer muniruchyathe
14. **ANGRY
[BG] krodhath bhavathi sammohaha
Sammohath smruthi vibramaha
Smruthi brahmsaath bhuddhi naaso
Bhuddhi naasaath pranasyathi
14. **MIND & BODY
sareera manaso yoga parasparamanurvajeth
aadhaara adheya bhaavena thapthajya khadayoriva
14. **DEVI MAHATHMYAM – DHYANA
Maathrumaim madukaita bhakthi mahishaprana maharodhyame
Hela-thumra-thumra lochana vadhaye channa munnardhini
Niseshii krutharaktha beeja dhanuje nithye nissumbaavahe
Sumbhathum sani samharaja durithe durge namasthambike
Sri-rama-rama-haer-rama-hare-rama.....
14. **DEVI
Kavilamma / paradevatha
Lokanaar kavilamma (Thacholi / kurup)
Thirumandam kunnilamma (samoothiri)
Kodungaloramma
Mammiyooramma
14. **AYYAPPAN
(ambalappuzha nadayadachu kannanirangi... ayyane kaanaan !!)
Non-malayalee crowd
Bhakthi system !!
Call ayyappa on all the god !!
Sound and Pattukal / NO BHAJAN
Only vrutham during the days / THEN CELEBRATE (see-Liberate)
14. **SAPTHA SUDHI
pranapana vyanodana samana me sudhyantham
jyothiraham viraja vipapma bhooyasamha swaha
vak mana chakshu srothra ghrana jihwaretho
bhudhya kruthi sangalpa me sudhyantham
jyothiraham viraja .......................
sira pani pada parswa prushtorudara jamgha sisnopasthapayavo me sudhyantham
jyothiraham viraja .......................
thwak charma mamsa rudhira medo majja sthani me sudhyantham
jyothiraham viraja ......................
sabdha sparsa roopa rasa gandha me sudhyantham
jyothiraham viraja .....................
pruthvi vyapasthejo vayurakaso me sudhyantham
jyothiraham viraja .......................
mano bhudhirahankaraschitham me sudhyantham
jyothiraham viraja ......................
manon-maya prana-maya manon-maya vijnana-maya aanantha-maya kosam me sudhyantham
jyothiraham viraja ......................
14. **ENLIGHTENMENT Gayatri Manthram
om bhor bhuvasuvaha, om tat sa vithurvarenyam,
bhargo devasya dhimahi, dheeyo-yonah pracho dayathu
14. Shri Brahma Stuthi
Nidhayey Sarvavidhyanaam Bhishajey Bhavaroghinaam!
Guravey Sarvalokaanam Dakshinaamoorthayey Namaha!!
14. Om Asatho maa
Om Asatho Maa Sadgamaya Tamaso Maa Jyotir Gamaya
Mrithyor Ma Amritham Gamaya Om Shanti Shanti Shanti
O Lord please lead me from the unreal to the real. Lead me from darkness to light ie, ignorance to knowledge, Lead me from death to immortality. May there be peace, peace and perfect peace.
14. **SACRIFICE / PRACTICE
Gatham-gatham sarva-mupekshaNeeyam
14. **OVER EXERCISE
Athivyaayaama matha kaaso jwaraschardhischa jaayathe
Swedhaagama swaasa vruddhi gaathraaNaam laaghavam thadha
Bhrudayaadwuparodhascha ithi vyaayaama lakshaNam
14. **MIND
Manohi dwivitham proktham sudham cha asumdhameva cha
Asudham kaama sankalpam sudham kama-vivarjitham
14. **MIND-CONTROL - PRACTICE
[BG]Asamsayam maha-bhaho
Mano durnigraham chalam
Abhyasenathu kauntheya
Vairagyena cha gruhyathe
14. **MANIMATHISHTA SIDDHIKAL
Anima mahima chaiva
Lakhima garima thatha
Eeshithvam cha vasithvam cha
Praapthi praakaasya-meva cha
14. **LOGIC / FATHER’S SALT WATER WELL
Ththasya koopeyam
Ithibhuvanaa kaa purushaa
Kshaaraa-jalam pibanthi
14. **LOGICALLY / AS U WISH
[BG] ithithe jnaana-maakhyaatham
Guhyaath guhyatharam maya
Vivrusai-thada-SeSheNa yade-schasi thada kuru
15. **GANESA
*YETHAMIDAL
Valam kaiyaal vaama sravanavumidam kai-viralinaal
valam kaathum Thottakkazhalina piNachulla nilayil
nilam kai-muttaale palakuri thodunnenadiyani
nnalam karuNyaabdhe! KaLaka mama vignam ganapathe
15. **PRADAKSHINAM / CIRCUMBLATION
Paadaal paadaantharam gathwa
Karau chalana vivarjithau
Vaacha-sthothram hruthi-dhyaana
Mevam kuriyal pradakshinam
15. **PRADAKSHINAM NUMBERS
Yekam vinayake kuryal Dwe soorye thraini sankare
Chathwari devo vishnau cha
Sapthaaswathe pradakshiNam
15. **PRADAKSHINAM – ATMA
Kaani yaani cha paapaani Janmanthara kruthani cha
Thaani thaani vinasyanthi Pradakshina pade pade
15. **POOJA-ROOM (NOT PRAYER HALL)
Kudumba para-devatha + Darsanam + Prasaadam
Offering (flower / fruit / milk etc.)
15. **THIDHI / NAKSHATHRAM / DAY & NIGHT
15. **TIME / NAZHIKA = 24 minutes
24 hours X 60 minutes = 60 nazhika X 24 minutes
15. **TIME / VINAZHIKA ~~ 24 seconds
60 vinazhika = 1 nazhika
15. **BRAHMA MUHURTHAM
15. **PRAYER
Neuro linguistic Effect / Psycholinguistic Effect
15. **SOORYA NAMASKAARAM
15. **RIVER / WHILE TAKING BATH
gangecha yamune chaiva godavari sarasvati
narmade sindhu kaveri jalesmin sannidhim kuru
15. **LIGHTING LAMP
eka varthyam mahaavyaadhi
dwi varthisthu mahath dhanam
thrivarthyam mohamaalasyam
chathurvarthyam daridratha
panjavarthisthu bhadram syaal
dwivarthyam sushobhanam
subham karoti kalyanam
arogyam dhyanasampada
shatrubuddhirvinasaya
deepajyotirnamostute
kalyana namakaram kalmashaghnam
kamrakaram kandhi dhoothandakaram
sandhyalakshmee kanda sootraikaratnam
deepajyothir mangalam nasthanothu
15. **LIGHT
om asathoma sath gamaya
thamasoma jyothir gamaya
mruthyorma amrutham gamaya
ohm! santhi santhi santhi
15. **PEEPAL TREE
Moolatho brahma roopaya
Madhyatho vishnu roopine
Agratha siva roopaya
Vruksharajayathe nama
15. **SAMARPANAM
Kaayane vaacha manasenthriaiyrva
Bhudhyathmanarva prakruthe swabhaveth
Karothi yath yath sakalam parasmai
Naaraayanayethi samarpayami
15. **KSHAMAPANAM ( ASKING FORGIVENESS)
karacharanakrutham va / kayajam karmajam va
sravana nayanajam va / manasam vaparadham
vihithamavihitham va /sarvamethal kshamasva
sivasiva karunabdhe /srimahadevasambho
15. **POORNA PUSHPANJALI
manthraheenam kriyaheenam
bhakthiheenam janardhana (bhakthiheenam maheswari)
yat poojitham maya deva (yat poojitham maya devi)
paripoornam thadasthute
15.. **MAHANIRVAANA THANTHRAM
Uthamam brahma sad-bhavo
Dhyaanabhaavaasthu madhyama
Adhamam sthothra-poojaathi
Bhahu-poojaa-adhama-adhamam
15. **GOD-POOJA
Pradhamam prathimaa pooja
Japa-sthrothadi-madhyamam
Uthamam maanasi pooja
.......... pooja. uthamothamam
15. **TEMPLE
*BODY
[BG] – idam sareeram kaunthya
kshethra ithyabhi dheeyathe
*SAVING FROM DISTOYING
Kshaayaath thrayathe ithi kshethraha
15. **DIETY
*VIGRAHA
Viseshana grahayithum yath sakyam thath vigrahaha
*PRATHISHTA
Pra=chaithanyavathayi + thishta=nilkkunnath
*LINGAM
Lim (aakaasam) gamayithi ithi lingaha
15. **BHAKTHI
Sakama (with desire)
Nishkama (moksham)
Apara (image / idle)
Para (Knowledge / all places)
15. ** READING HOLI BOOK
15. **BHASMA / CHANDANA DHARANAM
15. **TILAK (Symbol of Marriage)
15. **BHAKTHI BHAVAM
1. saantham (bheeshmar)
2. daasyam ( hanuman)
3. sakhyam (arjunan)
4. vaalsalyam (yasodha)
5. maadhuryam=love=athma-samarpanam(radha/meera/jayadeva)
6. sravanam (pareekshith)
7. keerthanam
8. smaranam
9. archana
10. vanthanam
11. paada seva
12. aathma nivedanam
15. **KERALA POOJA
Latest / modern
Dharbhaa edukkukaa..aa..aa..aa..aaa
15. **LALITHA SAHASRANAAMAM
Sathru-bhuddhir-vinaasaaaya
Ischa-sakthi, praana-sakthi, kriyaasakthi
15. **ACHARAM / FOLLOWING
Swa-gruhe poornam acharam
Anya-gruhe thdardhakam
Pattanethu thad paadam
Yathre-balaad aachharastheth
16. **YUGA
Thpa-param krutha-yuge
Threthaayam-jnaanamuchyathe
Dwaapare yajname yahoo
Daanamekam kalai-yuge
Kali 4,32,000
Dwapara 8,64,000
Thretha 12,96,000
Kritha 17,28,000
------------
Maha Yuga 43,20,000
16. *KALI KALA
Kalau kaartha-yugam karma
Sadaye karthu mi scha di
Swami drohi yidam mathwa
Itharam bhadathe kali
17. **MAHA-SANKALPAM
Samastha maya dware vairaagya sidhyartham
Sree parameswaraartham
Aadi vishnu aadi narayanasya
Achinthaya/aparimithaya
Sakthya priya maanasya
Aneka kodi brahmaandaanaam madhye
Jambhu dwipe bharatha varshe bharatha khande
Meroha dhakshine paarsve
Dhanda kaaranye
Godavari parswe
Sapthame vaivaswatha manwanthare
Ashtaavimsaththame
Varthamaane
Kaliyuge
Pradhama paade
PARASURAMA gothrasya
SASIKUMAR naamasya
--
Sobhane subhamuhurthe
--
VAIRAAGYA SIDHYARTHAM Samarpayami..
17. **DATES VARY / SEASONAL
Ashami rohiNi (KERALA)
Janmaashtami (NORTH INDIA)
SARAD – TIME FOR THE PITHRU RITUALS (SEPT 4TH TO SEPT 19TH )
KARKKITAKAM ( JULY 21st – Karkkitaka Vavu = Moon Dark)
DUSSEHRA – to DIWALI a month long celebration CHINGAM = ONAM and new RISE and festive
17. **MOON BASED MONTH / YEAR
Chaithryam meenam
Vaisaakham medam
Jeshtam idavam
Aashaadam midhunam
Sraavanam karkkitakam
Bhaadrapaadam chingam
Aaswinam kanni
Kaarthikam thulam
Maargaseersham vruschikam
Pawsham dhanu
Maakham makaram
Phaalgunam kumbham
Pradhama, dwithiya, thrithiya, chathurthi, panjami, shashti, sapthami, ashtami, navami, dasami, ekaadasi, dwadasi, thrayodasi, chathurdasi, panjadasi
(March,2009) ~~ 1931 indian (sakha varsham)
(August 2009) ~~ 1185 Kolla Varsham (Kerala)
17. **HINDU
Asintho sindu paryantham yasya bharatha bhoomikaa
Maathrubhoo pithrubhoo-schaiva savai hindu ithi smrutha:
17. **KADAPAYATHI NUMBER SYSTEM
[Rajeevan, Rochester University have patent for Military applications]
Dheera sankara-bharanam : dhee=9, ra = 2 so 29th melakarthaa-raagam

Saturday, January 18, 2020

200119 - KURUKSHTHRA WAR and DHARMAPUTHRA


KURUKSHTHRA WAR and DHARMAPUTHRA
 There are many passages in the Mahabharata in which you will see Yudhisthira arguing against fighting a bloody war for the sake of a kingdom, but Krishna justifies the war as moral and as the unavoidable duty of all moral warriors.
Yudhisthira and his brothers were favored by the Kuru elders like Bhishma, Vidura, Kripa and Drona over Duryodhana and his brothers, the Kauravas, due to their devotion to their elders, pious habits and great aptitude in religion and military skills, and for having the necessary qualifications for the greatest of the kshatriya order.
In the war, the Kuru commander Drona was killing  thousands of Pandava warriors. Krishna hatched a plan to tell Drona that his son Ashwathama had died, so that the invincible and destructive Kuru commander would give up his arms and thus could be killed. The plan was set in motion when Bhima killed an elephant named Ashwathama, and loudly proclaimed that Ashwathama was dead. Drona, knowing that only Yudhisthira, with his firm adherence to the truth, could tell him for sure if his son had died, approached Yudhisthira for confirmation. Yudhisthira told him: "Ashwathama has died". However Yudhisthira could not make himself tell a lie, despite the fact that if Drona continued to fight, the Pandavas and the cause of dharma itself would have lost and he added: "naro va kunjaro va" which means he is not sure whether elephant or man had died. Krishna knew that Yudhisthira would be unable to lie, and had all the warriors beat war-drums and cymbals to make as much noise as possible. The words "naro va kunjaro va" were lost in the tumult and the ruse worked. Drona was disheartened, and laid down his weapons. He was then killed by Dhristadyumna.
Due to his piety, Yudhisthira's feet and his chariot do not touch the ground, to symbolize his purity. When he spoke his half-lie, Yudhisthira's feet and chariot descended to the ground.
After the war of Kurukshetra, Yudhisthira performs the funeral rites of all his people including Karna. He was deeply hurt that many of his men were killed. His mother Kunti came and said she tried to inform Karna of his relationship with Yudhisthira and persuade him to give up his enmity. Even the Sun god also spoke to Karna but because of his friendship with Duryodhana, he did not change his position. Kunti revealed that Karna was her son, and one of them. So basically, it was only after Karna (who was pretty impressive in everything he did) was killed, that the mother of Pandavas revealed about him to the other five sons. This revelation by Kunti made the Pandavas angry and depressed Yudhishthira a lot.
Yudhisthira thought that Karna should have had the same right and respect as the other five brothers. He was very upset that his own mother had kept a huge secret from him and the others.  He could not contain his anger and cursed the entire woman race with not being able to hide any secrets.
Yudhisthira performed the tarpana ritual for the souls of the departed. Upon his return to Hastinapura, he was crowned king of both Indraprastha and Hastinapura. Out of his piousness, Yudhisthira retained Dhritarashtra as the king of the city of Hastinapura, and offered him complete respect as an elder, despite the misdeeds of his dead sons. Yudhisthira later performed the Ashwamedha yagna (sacrifice) to re-establish the rule of dharma all over the world. 
Upon the onset of the Kali yuga and the death of Krishna, Yudhisthira and his brothers retired, leaving the throne to their only descendant to survive the war of Kurukshetra, Arjuna's grandson Parikshit. Giving up all their belongings and ties, the Pandavas made their final journey to pilgrimage in the Himalayas.
While climbing the peaks, one by one Draupadi and each Pandava in reverse order of age fell to their deaths, dragged down by the weight of their guilt of few, but real sins. But Yudhisthira reached the mountain peak, because he was unblemished by sin or untruth. The true character of Yuddhisthira is revealed at the end of the Mahabharata. On the mountain peak, Indra, King of Gods, arrived to take Yudhisthira to heaven in his Golden Chariot. As Yudhisthira was about to step into the Chariot, the Deva told him to leave behind his companion dog, an unholy creature not worthy of heaven. Yudhisthira stepped back, refusing to leave behind the creature who he had taken under his protection. Indra wondered at him - "You can leave your brothers behind, not arranging proper cremations for them...and you refuse to leave behind a stray dog!"
Yudhisthira replied, "Draupadi and my brothers have left me, not me [them]." And he refused to go to heaven without the dog. At that moment the dog changed into the God Dharma, his father, who was testing him and Yudhisthira had passed with distinction.
Yudhisthira was carried away on Indra's chariot. On reaching Heaven he did not find either his virtuous brothers or his wife Draupadi. Instead he saw Duryodhana and his evil allies. The Gods told him that his brothers were in Naraka (hell) atoning their little sins, while Duryodhana was in heaven since he died at the blessed place of Kurukshetra.
Yudhisthira loyally went to Naraka (hell) to meet his brothers, but the sights and sounds of gore and blood horrified him. Tempted to flee, he mastered himself and remained on hearing the voice of his beloved brothers and Draupadi calling out to him, asking him to stay with them in their misery. Yudhisthira decided to remain, ordering the Divine charioteer to return preferring to live in hell with good people than in a heaven of evil ones. At that moment the scene changed. This was yet another illusion to test him on the one hand, and on other hand to enable him to atone for his sin of using deceit to kill Drona. Indra and Krishna appeared before him and told him that his brothers were already in Heaven, along with his enemies, for earthly virtues and vices don't hold true in heavenly realms. Krishna yet again hailed Yudhisthira for his dharma, and bowed to him, in the final defining moment of the epic where divinity bowed down to humanity.

200112 - Yudhishthira (Dharmaraja) – towards Kurukshetra WAR


Yudhishthira (Dharmaraja) – towards Kurukshetra WAR

In Mahabharata, Yudhishthira(Dharmaputhra) was the eldest son of King Pandu and Queen Kunti. He was the king of Hastinapura and Indraprastha was the principal protagonist of the Kurukshetra War.
Pandu, due to a curse, was unable to father children and asked his wife, Queen Kunti to invoke the wish granted to her by Rishi Dhurvasa in order to give birth to children. Urged by Pandu, Kunti gave birth to Yudhishthira by invoking the Lord of Righteousness, Dharma. Yudhishthira's four younger brothers were Bhima, (born by invoking Vayu); Arjuna, (born by invoking Indra); and the twins Nakula and Sahadeva, (born by invoking the Ashwini Gods). As Karna, the son of Kunti was born before her marriage by invocation of Surya, Yudhishthira was considered as the eldest. Yudhishthira's dharma was markedly distinct from that of other righteous kings. He married Draupadi along with his four brothers, the dharma that modifies itself to suit the times.
Yudhishthira was trained in religion, science, administration and military arts by the Kuru preceptors Kripa and Drona. He was a master of the spear weapon, and a maharatha, capable of combating 10,000 opponents all together at a time. Yudhishthira's true prowess was shown in his unflinching adherence to satya (truth) and dharma (righteousness), which were more precious to him than any royal ambitions, material pursuits and family relations.
Being Pandu's eldest son, Yudhishthira was the rightful heir to the throne. However, this claim was contested by the Dhritarashtra's son, Duryodhana. Yudhishthira is also known as Bharata (Descendent of the line of Bharata) and Ajatashatru (One without Enemies).
Yudhishthira rescued Bhima from Yama, and all of his four brothers from death by exemplifying not only his immense knowledge of dharma but also his very own way of understanding the finer implications of dharma, as judged by Yama, who was testing him in the guise of a Crane and a Yaksha.
Yudhishthira learned dice play from Narada Muni and assumed the guise of a brahmin courtier and dice player in the Matsya Rajya of king Virata. Yudhishthira was unable to refuse when Duryodhana's maternal uncle Shakuni, challenged him to a game of dice. Thanks to Shakuni's cheating, Yudhishthira lost each throw, eventually gambling away his kingdom, his wealth, his brothers and finally his wife. Owing to the protests of Vidura, Bhishma and Drona, Dhritarashtra returned all these losses. However, Shakuni challenged Yudhishthira one more time, and Yudhishthira once more lost. This time, he, his brothers and his wife were forced to discharge the debt by spending thirteen years in exile, with the condition of anonymity in the last year, in the forest before they could reclaim their kingdom.
When the period of exile was completed, Duryodhana and Shakuni nevertheless refused to return Yudhishthira's kingdom. Yudhishthira made numerous diplomatic efforts to retrieve his kingdom peacefully; all failed. To go to war to reclaim his birthright would mean fighting and killing his own relatives, an idea that appalled Yudhishthira. But Krishna, Yudhishthira's most trusted advisor (whom he recognized as the Avatar of Vishnu, the Supreme God), pointed out that Yudhishthira's claim was righteous, and the deeds of Duryodhana were evil. If all peace efforts failed, war was therefore a most righteous course.
Thus, Yudhishthira agreed for the Kurukshetra war.

200105 - Kunti : The Perfect Devoted Mother


Kunti : The Perfect Devoted Mother

In Mahabharata, Kunti was the daughter of Shurasena, and foster daughter of his cousin Kuntibhoja. She was married to King Pandu of Hastinapur and was the mother of Karna and the three of the Pandavas - Yudhishtira, Bhima, Arjuna. She was the paternal aunt of Krishna, Balarama, and Subhadra. She was a beautiful and intelligent lady. She is often regarded as one of the protagonists of the Mahabharata.

Kunti's story is also told within Srimad Bhagavatam, wherein she speaks on the philosophy of devotion of Krishna, known as Bhakti yoga. Kunti is thus held as a figure of great importance within many Hindu traditions and especially with worshippers of Krishna (Vaishnavas).

Her father was Surasena of the Yadu clan, and she was named Pritha (Pŗtha). She was thus the sister of Vasudeva, father of Krishna. She was given in adoption to the childless King Kuntibhoja, after which she came to be known as Kunti. After her arrival, King Kuntibhoja was blessed with children. He considered her his lucky charm and took care of her until her marriage.
When she was young, rishi Durvasa told her a mantra with which Kunti could summon any deva and have a child by him without a pregnancy. When Kunti asked why he gave her this mantra, he told her that it would be useful to her later in life.
Kunti could not believe the mantra, so she tried to use it. The God Surya, appeared. She asked him to go back, but Surya said he was compelled to fulfill the mantra before returning. Kunti then abandoned the child in a basket on a river. This child was later found and adopted by a chariot driver and his wife, and was named Karna. He went on to become an important character in the Mahabharata. The ambiguous emotions Karna felt about his birth mother play an important role in the Mahabharata.
Kuntibhoja organized Kunti's swayamvara. Kunti chose King Pandu of Hastinapur, and this made her the Queen of Hastinapur.
Soon after, during his mission to expand his empire, Pandu married Madri, a princess of Madra in order to secure the vassalage of Madra. Madri was of the view that Kunti was inferior by birth to her because Yadavas were cattle herders while Madri was a princess. Kunti was disturbed by her husband's act, but eventually reconciled with him.
Pandu, while hunting in a forest, mistakenly shot and killed Rishi Kindama and his wife as they had taken the form of deer to mate. The dying sage placed a curse on Pandu since he had not only killed them in the midst of lovemaking but was not remorseful for his action. King Pandu argued with sage Kindama by misquoting sage Agastya's ruling on the right of Kshatriyas on hunting. Sage Kindama then decided to curse him to die if he ever should become intimate with his wife. Pandu renounced the kingdom and went into exile with Kunti and Madri. He met some sages and asked them a way for the heaven and salvation. They said, without children, one can never aspire for heaven. When Pandu expressed to Kunti his despair at the prospect of dying childless, she mentioned the boon granted to her. He advised her to beget children by suitable, illustrious men.
She used it three times, first receiving a son, Yudishtira, from the god Yama, then Bhima from the god Vayu, and thirdly Arjuna, from the god Indra.
Kunti's character within the Mahabharata is accorded much respect within the Hindu tradition. Her activities were that of a very pious and loyal wife and of a person with a great deal of self-control. Kunti was given a special boon which enabled her to bear the sons of great celestial devas as many times as she wished. However Kunti did not misuse her boon, limiting herself to three sons only.
And when requested by Pandu, she shared this special mantra with Madri, Pandu's other wife. Madri bore twin sons, Nakula and Sahadeva, from the twin Gods the Asvins. The five together are known as the Pandavas.
One day, Pandu, forgetting his curse, attempted to make love with his wife Madri. But, as a result of Kindama's curse, he died. Madri committed sati as she was the cause of his death. Kunti was left helpless in the forest with her children.
After the death of Pandu and Madri, Kunti took care of all five Pandava children taking them back to Hastinapur. As the rivalry culminated between Pandavas and Kauravas, she decided to go back to Kuntibhoja. But her attempt was stopped by Bhishma.
After the great battle and in her old age, she goes into exile to the forest, with her brothers-in-law Dhritarashtra and Vidura, and Dhritarashtra's wife Gandhari, where they die together in a forest fire.

191229 - Gandhari – Saddest and Most Powerful Woman


Gandhari – Saddest and Most Powerful Woman
Gandhari is a less sung heroine of Mahabharata. She was brave and powerful with deep traits of dharma and adharma (for the better). She tried guiding Duryodhana through righteousness and was sad on failing in it.
Gandhari was a beautiful princess of Gandhar (Qandahar - a small kingdom with region spanning northwestern Pakistan and eastern Afghanistan) ruled by King Subala who was the contemporary of Bhishma half-brothers, Chaitrangad and Vichitravirya. Gandhari had obtained a boon of 100 sons from Lord Shiva and Bhishma knew this.
Bhishma was looking for suitable wives for his nephews - Dhritarashtra and Pandu (and Vidura too). Bhishma felt that Gandhari would be an ideal wife for Dhritarashtra, the eldest (blind by birth) prince. As he was blind, Pandu became the ruler and hence Gandhari couldn't become the queen. 
Gandhari faced a difficult life. When she heard that she was to be married off to a blind prince, she chose to blindfold herself for the rest of her life. There are many opinions on this. Some (majority) say that this was the epitome of her sacrifice and she thus qualified herself to be an ultimate pati-vrata (a devout wife) and then sat in the ranks of Savitri, Sita, Damayanti, etc. Modern thinkers say that this was her snub to the society for not having given her the choice - a swayamvaram style.
Folklore says that this marriage was brought out of force by a show of strength. This "bulldozing" caused Shakuni, the brother of Gandhari, to flare up in anger, but could do nothing. Folklore also says that he swore eternal vengeance on the Kurus and made it his lifelong purpose. Movies and films (as well as many books) liked this drama angle and happily adopted the myth.
Gandhari bore a hundred sons, (collectively known as the Kauravas), and one daughter Dhushala who married Jayadratha.
After Pandu’s death, Dhritharashtra was ruling and hence Gandhari became the queen. She was always considerate to Pandavas and was always upholding Dharma.
That is why though Gandhari's sons were portrayed as villains, the Mahabharata attributes high moral standards to Gandhari. She repeatedly exhorted her sons to follow dharma and make peace with the Pandavas. Gandhari was especially close to Kunti who respected her like an elder sister.
Gandhari made a single exception to her blindfolded state, when she removed her blindfold to see Duryodhana rendering his entire body except his loins invulnerable to any foe. This was however to prove fruitless as Bhima smashed Duryodhana's thighs in their decisive encounter on the eighteenth day of the Kurukshetra battle, a move both literally and figuratively below the belt.
The Kauravas, principally Duryodhana and Dhushasana, were the villains of the Mahabharata, and were all killed in their war against their cousins, the Pandavas, at Kurukshetra.
Gandhari was also devout; an ardent worshipper of Lord Shiva. Gandhari's sacrifice of her eyesight and her austere life was to grant her great spiritual power. Gandhari's anguish in the loss of her hundred sons resulted in her cursing Krishna in effect ensuring the destruction of the Yadavas. It is also said that through a small gap in the napkin in which her eyes were blindfolded, her gaze fell on Yudhisthira's toe. The toe was charred black due to her wrath and power.
Krishna came and hugged her. She wept. And she felt Draupadi weeping next to her. Both were being hugged by Krishna, the mother of villains and the mother of heroes, both being comforted by him who they say is God. He said nothing. He allowed Gandhari to vent out her venom and he accepted the curse quietly – no retaliatory curse. Yes, his children would die as Gandhari had deemed fit and so would he. Let his clan suffer so that the spiral of vendetta does not continue. It must end sometime. And if this demands the sacrifice of his clan, then let it be so.
Gandhari ended her life with her husband and her sister-in-law Kunti in the Himalayas, where they died in a forest fire.

191222 - Kurukshetra War and aftermath - DRAUPADI


Kurukshetra War and aftermath - DRAUPADI
Students of Drona, when trained had only one role; defeat his enemy Drupada. Thus, Drupada got defeated and half of the kingdom was got under Drona. Now it is Drupada’s turn to fight back Drona and his students. They can only be won when they are divided. Drupada needs a trump card here. Hence, Draupadi was born. Her mission was to create jealousy among the first cousins, the Kauravas and the Pandavas, which will make her a cause for war through humiliation and will make the brothers kill other brothers. Drupada’s classical example of Divide and Conquer can only be achieved by a woman whose beauty has no match on this planet.
The plot of the swayamvara hiding Arjuna’s identity, though Arjuna knew that Drupada whom he defeated is the father of Draupadi, got her married. The dice game and the plot created for the war is to make Bheema’s pledge to kill Kauravas. Thus, Kurukshetra war is a requirement of Drupada through Draupadi.
During the war, Draupadi stays at Ekachakra with other women. On the 16th day, Bhima kills Dushasana, drinking his blood and fulfilling his oath to Draupadi.
There is a popular myth often depicted in well-known adaptations of Mahabharata. It says that, Draupadi washed her hair with her brother-in-law Dushasana's blood, as a mark of her vengeance against the abuse she had suffered at the dice-game. Though an extremely powerful and symbolic theme, this incident does not appear in Vyasa's Sanskrit Mahabharata. 
Ashwathama, in order to avenge his father's as well as other Kuru warriors' deceitful killing by the Pandavas, attacks during his surprise raid on Pandavas camp at night with Kripacharya and Kritavarma. Aswathama killed Shikhandi,  Dhrishtadyumna and Upapandavas (Draupadi had five sons, one son each from the Pandava brothers. They were known as Upapandavas; Prativindhya, Sutasoma, Shrutakarma, Satanika, and Shrutasena. None of the Draupadi's children survive the end of the epic.)
In the morning, Yudhishthira hears the news and asks Nakula to bring Draupadi from Matsya kingdom. Draupadi vows that if the Pandavas do not kill Ashwathama, she would fast to death. The Pandavas find Ashwathama at Vyasa's hut. Arjuna and Ashwathama end up firing the Brahmashirsha astra at each other. Vyasa intervenes and asks the two warriors to withdraw the destructive weapon. Not endowed with the knowledge to do so, Ashwathama instead redirects the weapon to Uttara's womb, killing the Pandavas' only heir (Parikshit, who was again revived by Krishna). Krishna curses him for this act. As a punishment, Ashwathama was asked by Vyasa to surrender the gem on his forehead to Pandavas.
After the cremation was done Yudhishtira was crowned as the king of Hastinapur and he in consultation with Dhrithrashtra was running the Kingdom and is loved by all people. When Yudhishtira became the king of Hastinapura, Draupadi again became the queen.
Later Dhrithrashtra and Gandhari made their mind to retire to woods to do penance. After pacifying by Vyasa, Vidura, Yudhishtira was ready to let them retire. After performing due rituals when they were ready to leave for the woods then Vidura and Sanjaya also wanted to accompany them and seeing all this Kunti also accompanied them to woods.
Thus, Draupadi became the senior queen at Hastinapura.
After Lord Krishna ascended to Vaikhunta-loka; Pandavs after the advice of Veda Vyasa left their Kingdom in the hands of Parikshit and left for the Himalayas. When they were travelling to Himalayas a Dog accompanied them throughout their journey.
When her husbands retired from the world and went on their journey towards the Himalayas and heaven, Draupadi accompanied them, and was the first to fall on the journey. When Bhima asked Yudhishthira why Draupadi had fallen, Yudhishthira replied, "O best of men, though we were all equal unto her she had great partiality for Dhananjaya. She obtains the fruit of that conduct today, O best of men."
The Draupadi Amman sect (or Draupadi devotional sect) is a tradition that binds together a community of people in worshipping Draupadi Amman as a village goddess with unique rituals and mythologies. The sect believes that Draupadi is the incarnation of goddess Kali. Fire walking or theemithi is a popular ritual enacted at Draupadi Amman temples. At the ancient religious festival of Bangalore named Karaga, Draupadi is worshipped as an incarnation of Adishakti and Parvati in a nine-day event.
There are over 400 temples dedicated to Draupadi in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and other countries like Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, Mauritius, South Africa. In these regions, Draupadi is worshipped mainly by people of the Vanniyar caste. There are a few processions and festivals which are conducted for about 3 weeks a year. The most famous festival is in the village Durgasamudram, Tirupati of Chittoor district.