श्री गणेश मंदिर - शिक्षा वाणी
Sri Ganesh mandir - Serene Sunday Reflections
1st September 2019 : BHAGAVAD GITA
KEYWORDS :: Bhagavad Gita, Krishna, Arjuna, Kurukshethra War, Mahabharatha, Yoga, Upanishad
Last week we reflected on Mediation in Action / Meditative Action or Dynamic Meditation and concluded by quoting Bhagavad Gita as a good handbook for meditative action as prescribed by Krishna to Arjuna. Bhagavad Gita is composed of 700 slokas, split into 18 chapters by commentators for easy understanding.
The first chapter - Arjuna Vishadha Yoga explains about the war field: Duryodhana preparing for the battle while Arjuna – the distressed disciple explains his desire to quit the war to his master Krishna. Second Chapter - Sankya (number) Yoga, sam (good) khya (declared) is the best communication of Yoga. Chapter 3 - Karma Yoga talks about the nature of the action and how one has to approach. Chapter 4 Jnana Karma Sanyasa Yoga deals with Arjuna's questions on the detachment of Action from the result. Chapter 5 - Karma Sanyasa Yoga talks about Action without bondage.
In Chapter 6 - Dhyana Yoga, Krishna explains Dhyana to Samadhi as parallel to Patanjali's Yoga Sastra. Chapter 7 - Jnana Vignana Yoga gives the distinction of External and the internal phenomenon as Prakruti and Purusha. Chapter 8 - Akshara Brahma Yoga is to elaborate on Krishna’s cosmic existence. Chapter 9 - Raja Vidya Raja Guhya Yoga explains the existence and beyond. By the end of Chapter 10 - Vibhoothi Yoga, Arjuna attains realization and wanted to see God in His form. In Chapter 11 - Viswarupa Darsana Yoga, Krishna blesses Arjuna by providing his cosmic appearance.
Chapter 12, Bhakti Yoga is on devotion. In Chapter 13 - Kshethra Kshethrajna Vibhaga Yoga, the field and consciousness are explained in detail. Chapter 14 - Gunathraya Vibhaga Yoga discusses Satwa, Rajas and Thamas. Chapter 15 -Purushothama Yoga talks about the nature of human existence and how to identify the self. Chapter 16 - Daivasura Sampad Vibhaga Yoga is to point out the human potential to choose divine or Demonic nature. Chapter 17, Sradhathraya Vibhaga Yoga talks about three fold characterization on thoughts and believes on actions.
Chapter 18 - Moksha Sanyasa Yoga summarizes the various kinds of spiritual paths to follow attain Moksha, the ultimate goal of a human. By the end of this chapter after clearing the doubts, Arjuna thanks Krishna and promises to obey Krishna and be in Action to fight the war.
First Sloka in Bhagavad Gita starts with a question by Drutharashtra (BG-1-1) “O Sanjay, after gathering on the holy field of Kurukshetra, and desiring to fight, what did my sons and the sons of Pandu do?”
धृतराष्ट्र उवाच |
धर्मक्षेत्रे कुरुक्षेत्रे समवेता युयुत्सवः |
मामकाः पाण्डवाश्चैव किमकुर्वत सञ्जय ||BG-1-1||
dharma-kṣhetre kuru-kṣhetre samavetā yuyutsavaḥ
māmakāḥ pāṇḍavāśhchaiva kimakurvata sañjaya
for which Sanjaya answers in the last sloka (BG-18-78) “Wherever there is Shree Krishna, the Lord of all Yoga, and wherever there is Arjun, the supreme archer, there will also certainly be unending opulence, victory, prosperity, and righteousness. Of this, I am certain.”
यत्र योगेश्वर: कृष्णो यत्र पार्थो धनुर्धर: |
तत्र श्रीर्विजयो भूतिध्रुवा नीतिर्मतिर्मम || BG-18-78||
yatra yogeśhvaraḥ kṛiṣhṇo yatra pārtho dhanur-dharaḥ
tatra śhrīr vijayo bhūtir dhruvā nītir matir mama
Through Karma-Jnana-Bhakti-Raja-Sanyasa Yoga; any confused individual gets clarity on his own duty and understands that his actions should lead to a social benefit which is the core of Bhagavad Gita which is the essence of Upanishads, Brahma Vidya and Yoga Sasthra. In the coming week, we shall understand these Sastras.
----- Next Week 8th September 2019 – Brahma-Vidya ------